The Alcazaba Military grounds
Dating from the thirteenth century and used by the military. Front the Plaza de Armas you can see the troops accommodation building. Also the original buildings are long gone you can still see part of the foundations and a small wall. Underground is the water reserves call the aljibes.
Jardin de los Adarves
Jardin de los Adarves (Garden of the Ramparts) is on your left dating from the 17th century surrounded by cypress trees, flowerbeds and fountains.
The Torre de la Polvora, was in fact a bell tower created by the Catholic. When the bell sounded, it marked a new season in the plain of Granada.
This tower offers an excellent view over of the city.
It is obvious that the Alcazaba plainly served a military function. The entrance to the Alcazaba was at the foot of the Tower of Homage . At the base of the tower is a slight slope. A simple L-shaped walkway keeps the main gate from being seen from the outside.
The gate leads to an inner vaulted space with more turns that, at the end and before reaching the Place of Arms , opened up so that defenders could control all access and respond from above to an attack.
In this covered corridor there are two access points: one leading to the ground and underground floors of the Tower of Homage, and the other to the top of the wall and to the tower itself through a narrow and steep vaulted staircase.
This was not the only entrance to the Alcazaba, but probably the most important one since through it the royal guard patrolled the entire complex of the Alhambra. It also served to link it with the inner wall or the road that bordered the Alcazaba.
The interior of the Alcazaba
The area within the inner wall of the Alcazaba is what is known as the Place of Arms in medieval fortresses. It was devoted to military parades during peace time and to establish the defensive strategy when battles were to be fought. For this reason it is an open and clear space with very few constructions.
However, the Alcazaba of the Alhambra, as an enclosure integrated into a larger one, is a residential area for the royal guard of the Sultan who controlled and patrolled the palatial city, and was referred to as the Military District.
It is actually a small city, with an urban distribution similar to that of any district of a Hispanic-Muslim city.
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